Difference between revisions of "Arena"

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Every team needs an arena where they can play there home matches. Your job is to build your arena as big as needed, but not to build it too big, because you must pay taxes every week to keep your arena in shape. There are four types of stands:
+
{{Interwiki/Arena}}
* Terraces (most of spectators will come to these so build these most),
 
* Regular seats (spectators who want some comfort when watching game buys these, these are second most used so build these a lot too),
 
* Seats under the roof (these are for people who want see match as comfortable as possible, still relatively a lot of spectators buys tickets for these seats),
 
* Seats in VIP lounge (only important spectators, like sponsors use these seats, thus you need to build only few of these)
 
  
----
+
An '''arena''' (or ''stadium'') is a place designed to accommodate a multitude of spectators where every [[team]] can play home [[match]]es. Attendees will come to matches ensuring precious [[income]]s almost every week.
The default distribution of seats is:
 
<table width="200" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
 
<tr><td>Total capacity:</td><td>12000</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>Terraces:</td><td>8000</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>Basic seating:</td><td>3000</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>Seats under roof:</td><td>1000</td></tr>
 
<tr><td>Seats in VIP boxes:</td><td>0</td></tr>
 
</table>
 
----
 
You might want to use one of the [[Helper_Applications|helper applications]] to get the arena done with the right amount of seats. Or just apply proportion of seats somewhere near 62% / 25% / 10% / 3%.
 
  
----
+
== Mantainance and Incomes ==
 +
A good [[manager]] must pay attention to build the arena with the correct size and keep it in shape.
  
This is the prices of expanding stadiums:
+
{|
 +
|
 +
{| class=wikitable align=left style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Weekly upkeep costs
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| '''Type''' || '''Cost of a seat [[currencies|in €]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Terraces || 0.50
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Basic seating || 0.70
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Seats under roof || 1
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Seats in VIP boxes || 2.50
 +
|}
 +
|
 +
{| class=wikitable align=right style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Incomes per seat
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| '''Type''' || '''Incomes [[currencies|in €]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Terraces || 7
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Basic seating || 10
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Seats under roof || 19
 +
|-
 +
| align=left| Seats in VIP boxes || 35
 +
|}
 +
|}
 +
There are four types of stands:
 +
* Terraces
 +
: Most spectators will use terraces, so you need more these than seats;
 +
* Regular seats
 +
: Spectators who want some comfort when watching games buy regular seats, these are the second most used, so build these a lot too;
 +
* Seats under the roof
 +
: These are for people who want to a see match as comfortably as possible. Still, relatively a lot of spectators buys tickets for these seats, even more of these will be sold during bad weather;
 +
* Seats in VIP lounge
 +
: Only important spectators like sponsors use these seats, thus,you need to build only a few of these.<br clear="all" />
  
Terraces: 60£
 
Basic seats: 100£
 
Seats under roof: 120£
 
Seats in VIP boxes: 400£
 
  
Plus a 10,000 fee per expansion
+
The default 12 000 seats arena of every new team has always the same distribution.
 +
{|
 +
| width=33% |
 +
{| class=wikitable width=100% style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Default seats distribution
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| '''Type''' || '''Available places'''
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Terraces || 8 000
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Basic seating || 3 000
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Seats under roof || 1 000
 +
|-
 +
| align=left |  Seats in VIP boxes || 0
 +
|}
 +
| width=7% |
 +
| width=60% align=left | Note that managers starting at the beginning of 2004 or earlier had less places in their stadium <br>(5 000 terraces and 2000 basic seating places).<br> [[Bot team]]s still have this distribution nowadays.
 +
|}
 +
== How to build ==
 +
Your job is to build your arena as big as needed, but not to build it too big, because attendees desire a certain seat category.
 +
I.e. a given portion of the potential attendees will fill terraces and others basic seats, seats under roof and VIP seats. If a seat of the given category is not available (i.e. the category is filled), the potential attendee will not buy another category.
  
Note that stadium is an expensive long-term investment, which may be repaid in two seasons at best. It's generally better to improve your stadium in small steps (say 2000 to 4000), and only if you are sure of being able to fill those additional places in a majority of up-coming matches.
+
There is also an additional fee of 10 000 € every time you expand or reduce, no matter how many seats you add or reduce.
  
Teams on a bad run may not see home crowds anything as good as the 20x fan-club indicator mentioned often in other guides. Your home crowds for league/cup games can be as low as 10x or 15x fan club size if you and your opponent are in low league positions and on bad runs and the weather is poor. This is particularly the case if you are in a low division populated by inactive teams. The often mentioned upper indicator of 30x fan-club size is much more accurate for teams in the upper divisions, where all teams are likely to have large fan clubs{{stub}}
+
{| class=wikitable style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Costs of expansion
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| '''Type''' || '''Price [[currencies|in €]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Terraces || 45
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Basic seating: || 75
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Seats under roof: || 90
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Seats in VIP boxes: || 300
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Weekly benefit can be calculated by estimation based on a full stadium at home for 8 or 7 weeks for each season (16 week period):
 +
{| class=wikitable style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Weekly benefit per seat
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| '''Type''' || 8 matches || 7 matches
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Terraces: || 2.75 € || 2.34 €
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Basic seating: || 4.05 € || 3.46 €
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Seats under roof: || 5.5 € || 4.69 €
 +
|-
 +
| align=left | Seats in VIP boxes: || 13.75 € || 11.72 €
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Expansion Theories ===
 +
<small>{{based_on_research}}</small>
 +
When building your arena, you should build it with a certain category ratio. Unfortunately the ratio is dependent on supporter mood. I.e. in order to build the optimum arena, you should give your best prediction of your future (short term) fan mood. <!--The dependency of the ratio on fan mood was published in [http://brun.dk/hattrick/index.php?content=17&lang=english The Optimum Stadium Study] performed by danish federation [http://brun.dk/hattrick/index.php Statistikforbundet] with a background of more than 600 verified data sets collected through their webpage.--> After finding the relationships between fan mood, category ratios and attendance, the study below calculated an arena size (denoted per fan), where the probability of filling the last one build seat equals the usual expected ratio between ticket price and maintenance cost.
 +
 
 +
The new ratios are a bit more complicated than the earlier ones due to the fan mood dependency (introduces in hattrick season 35), but they are recapitulated below.
 +
 
 +
{| class=wikitable style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Arena size per fan mood
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| width=80| '''Fan mood'''|||'''Terraces''' |||'''Basic Seats''' |||'''Seats under roof''' |||'''VIP seats''' |||'''Total'''
 +
|-
 +
| furious|||7.852 |||2.341 |||1.234 |||0.104 |||11.53
 +
|-
 +
| angry|||8.415 |||2.729 |||1.768 |||0.179 |||13.09
 +
|-
 +
| irritated|||9.087 |||3.097 |||2.213 |||0.240 |||14.63
 +
|-
 +
| disappointed|||9.797 |||3.457 |||2.628 |||0.297 |||16.17
 +
|-
 +
| calm|||10.52 |||3.814 |||3.034 |||0.352 |||17.72
 +
|-
 +
| content|||11.26 |||4.170 |||3.437 |||0.406 |||19.27
 +
|-
 +
| satisfied|||12.00 |||4.526 |||3.841 |||0.460 |||20.83
 +
|-
 +
| delirious|||12.74 |||4.882 |||4.247 |||0.514 |||22.39
 +
|-
 +
| high on life|||13.49 |||5.238 |||4.657 |||0.568 |||23.95
 +
|-
 +
| dancing in the streets|||14.23 |||5.594 |||5.069 |||0.623 |||25.52
 +
|-
 +
| Sending love poems to you|||14.98 |||5.951 |||5.485 |||0.678 |||27.09
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Notice that these figures can be seen as "the maximum arena with all seats generating profit over time". However, it is quite aggressive for new and/or poor teams, since the payback rate of the last seats are very low. Instead one might use the ratios given below and build a smaller stadium more suitable to the economics of the given team.
 +
 
 +
{| class=wikitable style="text-align:center; font-size:92%;"
 +
|+ Arena size per fan mood (%)
 +
|- style="background-color:#b0c4de"
 +
| width=80| '''Fan mood'''|||'''Terraces''' |||'''Basic Seats''' |||'''Seats under roof''' |||'''VIP seats''' |||'''Total'''
 +
|-
 +
|furious|||68.10% |||20.30% |||10.70% |||0.90% |||11.53
 +
|-
 +
|angry|||64.28% |||20.85% |||13.51% |||1.36% |||13.09
 +
|-
 +
|irritated|||62.09% |||21.16% |||15.12% |||1.64% |||14.63
 +
|-
 +
|disappointed|||60.55% |||21.37% |||16.25% |||1.83% |||16.17
 +
|-
 +
|calm|||59.38% |||21.52% |||17.12% |||1.98% |||17.72
 +
|-
 +
|content|||58.43% |||21.64% |||17.83% |||2.11% |||19.27
 +
|-
 +
|satisfied|||57.62% |||21.73% |||18.44% |||2.21% |||20.83
 +
|-
 +
|delirious|||56.93% |||21.80% |||18.97% |||2.30% |||22.39
 +
|-
 +
|high on life|||56.32% |||21.86% |||19.44% |||2.37% |||23.95
 +
|-
 +
|dancing in the streets|||55.78% |||21.92% |||19.86% |||2.44% |||25.52
 +
|-
 +
|Sending love poems to you|||55.29% |||21.96% |||20.24% |||2.50% |||27.09
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Your stadium is an expensive long-term investment, which will take around two seasons to pay for itself at best. It is generally better to improve your stadium in small steps (say 2 000 to 4 000), and only if you will be able to fill those additional places in the majority of your up-coming matches.
 +
 
 +
Note that, when budgeting for arena expansions, you may not take more than 500 000 € debt.
 +
<!--* Statistikforbundet is still collecting numbers in order to verify and improve the numbers. Data can be submitted [http://brun.dk/hattrick/index.php?content=15&lang=english here].
 +
-->
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [https://nrgjack.altervista.org/eco.php|nrgjack Arena calculator]
 +
* [http://iht.smdesign.es/node/146 Budget Arena Calculator]
 +
 
 +
== See Also ==
 +
* [[HTs on Global/Arena]].
 +
* [[Arena Viewer|Arena designer]] feature for supporters.
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Economy]]

Latest revision as of 11:15, 12 May 2020

An arena (or stadium) is a place designed to accommodate a multitude of spectators where every team can play home matches. Attendees will come to matches ensuring precious incomes almost every week.

Mantainance and Incomes

A good manager must pay attention to build the arena with the correct size and keep it in shape.

Weekly upkeep costs
Type Cost of a seat in €
Terraces 0.50
Basic seating 0.70
Seats under roof 1
Seats in VIP boxes 2.50
Incomes per seat
Type Incomes in €
Terraces 7
Basic seating 10
Seats under roof 19
Seats in VIP boxes 35

There are four types of stands:

  • Terraces
Most spectators will use terraces, so you need more these than seats;
  • Regular seats
Spectators who want some comfort when watching games buy regular seats, these are the second most used, so build these a lot too;
  • Seats under the roof
These are for people who want to a see match as comfortably as possible. Still, relatively a lot of spectators buys tickets for these seats, even more of these will be sold during bad weather;
  • Seats in VIP lounge
Only important spectators like sponsors use these seats, thus,you need to build only a few of these.


The default 12 000 seats arena of every new team has always the same distribution.

Default seats distribution
Type Available places
Terraces 8 000
Basic seating 3 000
Seats under roof 1 000
Seats in VIP boxes 0
Note that managers starting at the beginning of 2004 or earlier had less places in their stadium
(5 000 terraces and 2000 basic seating places).
Bot teams still have this distribution nowadays.

How to build

Your job is to build your arena as big as needed, but not to build it too big, because attendees desire a certain seat category. I.e. a given portion of the potential attendees will fill terraces and others basic seats, seats under roof and VIP seats. If a seat of the given category is not available (i.e. the category is filled), the potential attendee will not buy another category.

There is also an additional fee of 10 000 € every time you expand or reduce, no matter how many seats you add or reduce.

Costs of expansion
Type Price in €
Terraces 45
Basic seating: 75
Seats under roof: 90
Seats in VIP boxes: 300

Weekly benefit can be calculated by estimation based on a full stadium at home for 8 or 7 weeks for each season (16 week period):

Weekly benefit per seat
Type 8 matches 7 matches
Terraces: 2.75 € 2.34 €
Basic seating: 4.05 € 3.46 €
Seats under roof: 5.5 € 4.69 €
Seats in VIP boxes: 13.75 € 11.72 €

Expansion Theories

The following contents are based on experience and/or research conducted by Hattrick users — which means that their veracity and accuracy have not been confirmed by any official statement, and consequently they do not necessarily reflect the game reality. Please take this into consideration!

When building your arena, you should build it with a certain category ratio. Unfortunately the ratio is dependent on supporter mood. I.e. in order to build the optimum arena, you should give your best prediction of your future (short term) fan mood. After finding the relationships between fan mood, category ratios and attendance, the study below calculated an arena size (denoted per fan), where the probability of filling the last one build seat equals the usual expected ratio between ticket price and maintenance cost.

The new ratios are a bit more complicated than the earlier ones due to the fan mood dependency (introduces in hattrick season 35), but they are recapitulated below.

Arena size per fan mood
Fan mood Terraces Basic Seats Seats under roof VIP seats Total
furious 7.852 2.341 1.234 0.104 11.53
angry 8.415 2.729 1.768 0.179 13.09
irritated 9.087 3.097 2.213 0.240 14.63
disappointed 9.797 3.457 2.628 0.297 16.17
calm 10.52 3.814 3.034 0.352 17.72
content 11.26 4.170 3.437 0.406 19.27
satisfied 12.00 4.526 3.841 0.460 20.83
delirious 12.74 4.882 4.247 0.514 22.39
high on life 13.49 5.238 4.657 0.568 23.95
dancing in the streets 14.23 5.594 5.069 0.623 25.52
Sending love poems to you 14.98 5.951 5.485 0.678 27.09

Notice that these figures can be seen as "the maximum arena with all seats generating profit over time". However, it is quite aggressive for new and/or poor teams, since the payback rate of the last seats are very low. Instead one might use the ratios given below and build a smaller stadium more suitable to the economics of the given team.

Arena size per fan mood (%)
Fan mood Terraces Basic Seats Seats under roof VIP seats Total
furious 68.10% 20.30% 10.70% 0.90% 11.53
angry 64.28% 20.85% 13.51% 1.36% 13.09
irritated 62.09% 21.16% 15.12% 1.64% 14.63
disappointed 60.55% 21.37% 16.25% 1.83% 16.17
calm 59.38% 21.52% 17.12% 1.98% 17.72
content 58.43% 21.64% 17.83% 2.11% 19.27
satisfied 57.62% 21.73% 18.44% 2.21% 20.83
delirious 56.93% 21.80% 18.97% 2.30% 22.39
high on life 56.32% 21.86% 19.44% 2.37% 23.95
dancing in the streets 55.78% 21.92% 19.86% 2.44% 25.52
Sending love poems to you 55.29% 21.96% 20.24% 2.50% 27.09

Your stadium is an expensive long-term investment, which will take around two seasons to pay for itself at best. It is generally better to improve your stadium in small steps (say 2 000 to 4 000), and only if you will be able to fill those additional places in the majority of your up-coming matches.

Note that, when budgeting for arena expansions, you may not take more than 500 000 € debt.

External Links

See Also