Difference between revisions of "Training"

From Hattrick
(Training types: wing attacks corrected)
(Effect of assistants)
Line 183: Line 183:
 
It is not always in a teams best interest to hire all the possible assistants. The effect of each additional assistant decreases fast, e.g. having 5 GK coaches instead of 10 will slow GK training all the way from solid to divine by 1 week only. This is approximately 2 years of real time!  
 
It is not always in a teams best interest to hire all the possible assistants. The effect of each additional assistant decreases fast, e.g. having 5 GK coaches instead of 10 will slow GK training all the way from solid to divine by 1 week only. This is approximately 2 years of real time!  
  
Clubs in financial difficulty should always bear this in mind when trying to make savings.
+
New clubs and clubs in financial difficulty should always bear this in mind when trying to make savings.
  
 
=== Training intensity ===
 
=== Training intensity ===

Revision as of 01:14, 14 March 2006

Importance of training

Training is one of the most important aspects of a successful team in Hattrick. By concentrating on training just one skill for a number of seasons a team can take medium skilled, young players and train them up to become superstars, who can then be sold for a handsome profit. Thus improving the team and helping the team to eventually win promotion.

But the monetary side is only one side of the medal. Each training type has also non monetary (dis-)advantages. For example a playmaking trainer can't train his players efficiently in the later cup rounds or a goalkeeper trainer is not limited in specific formations.

Choosing trainees

Choosing the correct players to train is a balancing act. There are four factors to consider.

There is little to be gained from training players that are not at least passable in their main skill, although for new players 17 year olds with inadequate main skill should be considered. Training a player who is passable or solid in primary skill is not as profitable as training higher skills, but lower skilled players cost considerably less to purchase. To get some ideas of the cost and profit from various skill increases see HAM Transfer Price Evaluation

As players age, they decrease in price, so buying slightly older players (eg 18 or 19 year olds) is often wise.

The better the secondary skills, the more you will pay to purchase the trainee, but the final selling price will also be higher.

Training types

In Hattrick, training takes place once a week. Typically only players who played on certain positions are fully trained depending on the skill you are training. If, for instance, forwards are being trained then only the players that played as a forward in one of the two games that week receive training. Note that only last played position matters for training. There are 12 types of training. Each have their own potential for generating profit or improving your team. Generally the training types that concentrate on one of the main skills (goalkeeping, defending, playmaking, winger, and scoring) are the most popular training types.

To train the maximum number of players each week it is important to arrange friendlies where you play your trainees who did not play in the league match in the same week.

Brackets indicate small effects. Double brackets indicate very small effects

Training type Improves ...for... Training speed Max players trained Impairs
Goalkeeping Goalkeeping Goalkeepers 5 weeks 2
Defending Defending Defenders ((Others)) 8 weeks 10
Playmaking       Playmaking Inner midfielders (Wingers) ((Others)) 7 weeks 6 (4)
Scoring Scoring Forwards ((others)) 7 weeks 6
Crossing (Winger) Winger Wingers (Wing backs) ((others)) 5 weeks 4 (4)
Defensive positions Defending (Defenders and midfielders) ((Others)) 16 weeks (20)
Wing attacks Winger Forwards and wingers ((Others)) 7 weeks 10
Shooting (Scoring) (Outfielders) ((Others)) 14 weeks (20+)
(Set pieces) ((All)) 16 weeks (50)
Short passes Passing Midfielders and forwards ((Others)) 5.5 weeks 16
Through passes Passing Defenders and midfielders ((Others)) 7.5 weeks 20
Set pieces Set pieces All 2-3 weeks 50
Stamina Stamina All 1-2 weeks 50 Form
General (Form) (All who played a game during the week) 1 week 22
(Goalkeeping) ((Goalkeepers))

Please note the 'Training Speed' numbers are based on 17 year old trainees, using a solid coach, and 9 assistants.

There is a theory that claims that for each year above 17 you should add one week (or a fraction of a week) of training. Another theory is, that training speed is depreciated with approximately 8% each year above 17 years of age.

Also note that these training speed values are given as an average, and can (and will) vary from player to player. This means, for example, that if the value presented for a given training is 7 weeks, some players will take 6, others 8, but if you look at a large number of players they should average at 7. This might be due to the fact that the player gets a part of the next level after a pop. When that happens he needs less time to pop again. For example: When the first pop ends up to solid and a very little bit (7,02) he needs more time to go to excellent then when his first pop gives him a bit more (7,12).

Training efficiency factors

Effect of coach

To achieve the optimal training time requires a coach with solid coaching skills. A coaching level below that lengthens training time. A general rule of thumb is one extra week for every level below solid, although this rule is not so accurate with the faster training types.

Excellent coaches train slightly faster than solid ones by roughly half a week but are generally seen as too expensive to be profitable in the long term.

Effect of player age

Young players train much faster than old players. To achieve the optimal training time your trainees need to be between 17 and 20, with 17 year olds being the best.

Older players are much slower to train, and a good rule of thumb is one extra week for every year older than 17. More precisely, training becomes approx. 8% slower for every year above this (also called trainings speed depreciation).

Certain training types - namely set pieces, stamina and general - do not depreciate in training speed, no matter what age the player is.

As a player reaches 27 his abilities may start to decrease. This process doesn't occur constantly, and there is no guarantee it will happen at all. Typically, very small decreases occur for players around 30, considerably larger leaps for players around 35. For some reason, these decreases in abilities always surface on Mondays. Certain skills are harder to maintain as players grow older - scoring ability is the hardest to maintain, whilst goalkeeping is the easiest.

It's very hard to maintain stamina above the level of "excellent" for a long period of time. All players just above the dividing line between "excellent" and the level under it are successively pressed downwards. There's a limit to how well the human body can perform.

Effect of assistants

Assistant coaches also help with training. A team may only have 10 of any one type of staff. However assistant coaches and goalkeeping coaches are treated as one type, so a team may only have a combined total of 10 coaches. Typically non-goalkeeping training teams employ 9 assistant coaches and 1 goalkeeping coach. It is believed that a goalkeeping coach helps to maintain the form of the keeper. Other people prefer a 8 to 2 split between coaches.

Some users claim it is possible to have 11 coaches without seeing any ill effects, but many users have lost training when trying this.

It is not always in a teams best interest to hire all the possible assistants. The effect of each additional assistant decreases fast, e.g. having 5 GK coaches instead of 10 will slow GK training all the way from solid to divine by 1 week only. This is approximately 2 years of real time!

New clubs and clubs in financial difficulty should always bear this in mind when trying to make savings.

Training intensity

Most team managers agree it is best to train at 100% intensity. The benefits are clear in that skills increase more quickly, and there is also the likelihood of better form.

Unfortunately, there is also an increased chance of injury.

When to cash in

In most cases selling trainees at age 21 is the best way to maximise profit. Once a player hits 21 years old, he begins to train at a noticably slower rate compared to a younger player.

With particularly high skilled players, especially National Team players, training can be taken on further, but in general the financial returns decrease beyond the age of 21.

It is also worth noting it is possible to overtrain a player, and make him unsustainable in the long run due to the extremely high wages.

Advanced training

Training can even increase the skills of players that haven't played (for your team). This gives rise to some very advanced training techniques:

  • Osmosis training - Making a profit popping players that do not play
  • Skill trading - Buying players that played in the right position, but not at your club

See also