Ciudad de Buenos Aires
Ciudad de Buenos Aires is a region in Argentina.
Both in Hattrick and in real life the Ciudad de Buenos Aires (CBA) is the second district in the country. Argentina is divided in Hattrick into 24 provincias, which really is actually a fallacy, since there are 23 provinces and a Federal District -Capital Federal-(just like Washington D.C., USA), as it is stated in Argentina's Constitution reformed in 1994. The famous 13-million-habitant city is not really a city. This number includes the CBA and a big Buenos Aires Province's zone, popularly known as the Gran Buenos Aires - Great Buenos Aires -.
The CBA its located in the Southest hemisphere of the (South)American Continent, latitude 34° 36' South, longitude 58°26' West. The CBA occupies a 19,4 x 17,9 area (202 square km), where 3 million people live. The Río de la Plata (River Plate) and the Riachuelo (Little River) are the CBA's natural limits. The only non-natural limit is the General Paz Avenue (actually a high-way).
Nuestra Señora de Santa María del Buen Aire was founded by the Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza in 1536. It was named after the patron saint of sailors, who is said to be responsible for the good wind or buen aire. Provisions ran low and five years later settlement attempts were abandoned until Juan de Garay refounded the city in 1580. In 1776, Buenos Aires was pronounced the Capital of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata (River Plate region – a huge region that included what is now Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and parts of Chile and Brazil). The Criollos (Argentines of Spanish descent) merchants, having successfully expelled British invaders in 1806 and 1807, began to rebel against Spain in 1810. It was only after the Declaration of Independence in 1816 that the city became free of colonial hindrance.
Following the city’s federalisation in 1880, mass European immigration occurred as workers were brought in to service agriculture and the railways. Development ceased in the mid-20th century as the country’s economy declined – mostly as the result of lack of investment from war-torn Europe. Immigrants arrived from other parts of Argentina and were forced to reside in shanty towns (villas de emergencia) or villas miseria, as they were aptly described. Buenos Aires only re-emerged from its economic woes in the 1990s when the currency was stabilised. Those with money spent it and new buildings, shopping malls and entertainment centres emerged, creating a new way of life for the inhabitants.
It is important to remark that the port of Buenos Aires, and all its revenues caused most part of the wars in the 19th century. Basically porteños wanted most part of the money while the Provincias asked for its part of the incomes. It is still in the 21st century that many people have profond feelings against Buenos Aires for those policies.
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